World Diabetes Day 2016: Update
Diet and Exercise and Medical intervention are important pillars of diabetes
Lifestyle interventions can decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes.
Wieght loss in people at high-risk can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes onset by 58%
(Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. N Engl J Med 2002; 346:393-403)
Each 1% reduction of HbA1c towards achieving glycemic control helps in reducing long term complications as shown below:
Good blood sugar control is an important ascpect of optimal diabetes management
Depending upon blood glucose levels, age, height and weight, and other associated complaints doctors prescribe medicines to a person with diabetes. Each type of treatment helps lower blood sugar in a unique way.
Various Insulin Regimens
Many different types of insulin treatment are available and can successfully control blood sugar levels; It may take some time to find the right dose for any individual as insulin requirement is dependent on many factors. Insulin needs often change for these children (not so much in adults) especially during their growing years. Changes in weight, height, other hormones, diet, activity level, any stress (mental or physical) can affect the amount of insulin needed to control your blood sugar. It is important to check blood sugar level several times in a day to reach the right dose. There are two general types of insulin treatment plans:
Few key things which one need to keep in mind while on diabetes treatment-
Never self-medicate as only your doctor can judge about the diabetes management and the therapy suited best for you.
UKPDS: Stratton et al. BMJ 2000;32:405–12
David M. Nathan. Diabetes Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment. JAMA. 2015;314(10):1052-1062. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9536